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Ankara Agreement ;
The Agreement Creating An Association Between The Republic of Turkey and the European Economic Community (commonly known as the Ankara Agreement) (Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması), is a treaty, signed in 1963, which provides for the framework for the co-operation between Turkey and the European Union (EU).
Turkey first applied for associate membership of the European Economic Community (EEC) in July 1959, the EEC having been established in 1958. The EEC responded by suggesting the establishment of an association as an interim measure leading to full accession. This led to negotiations which resulted in the Ankara Agreement on September 12, 1963.
The Ankara Agreement was signed on 12 September 1963 in Ankara.The Agreement initiated a three-step process toward creating a customs union to help secure Turkey’s full membership in the EEC. Upon creation, the customs union would begin the integration of economic and trade policy, which the EEC considered necessary.
An Association Council, set up by the Agreement, controls its development and gives the Agreement detailed effect by making decisions.
In 1970, Turkey and the EEC agreed an Additional Protocol to the Agreement.
One part of the Agreement was to be financial assistance from the EEC to Turkey, including loans worth 175 million ECU during the period from 1963 to 1970. The results were mixed; EEC trade concessions to Turkey in the form of tariff quotas proved less effective than hoped, but the EEC’s share in Turkish imports rose substantially during the period.
The Agreement sought the free circulation of workers, establishment and services, including virtually total harmonisation with EEC policies relating to the internal market. However, it excluded Turkey from political positions and precluded its recourse to the European Court of Justice for dispute resolution to some extent.
With the European Union replacing the EEC with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Ankara Agreement now governs relations between Turkey and the EU.
New terms of Residence Permit for the Ankara Agreement is announced!
A new version of the Home Office guidance on applications from self-employed Turkish businesspersons for leave under the Turkish European Communities Association Agreement (ECAA), commonly known as the “Ankara Agreement”, was published on 15th of June 2018.
Under the Ankara agreement, the right to apply for indefinite leave to remain has been re-enforced with new regulations published on the 15th of June 2018.
The rights of Turkish citizens with an Ankara agreement visa have been re-enacted with some new conditions being introduced.
The new terms are as follows;
Visa holders in the period of one year should not exceed 180 days of their time outside the UK. This rule is also implemented for family members.
English proficiency exam at level B1
Life in the UK to pass the life Test in England
To pay the application fee, (Current application fee, £2.389 per person)
In addition, the Turkish worker visa holders and their wives and their children must also be in Turkish worker dependent or partner categories in order to be able to apply for the session indefinitely.
As in the old practice, they are sought to be able to get along with their own facilities without the need for assistance from the state.
We see that family members are subject to certain conditions that are not in the old regulation.
According the new rules there is now a 5 years route for settlement for such migrants. This could of course be good news, although the new rules are very similar to the businessperson rules. For instances with 180-day and English language/Life in UK test requirements. And such Turkish workers can combine their leave with previously-held leave as a Tier 2 migrant in order to achieve the five-year period.